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CAS NO: 1344-28-1

Supplied in various forms including: – calcined alumina white, brown and white fused alumina, alumina hydrate and tabular.

Alumina is widely used in bonded and coated abrasives, as a blasting media, for lapping and polishing, anti-wear additive and as a filler and additive material. Alumina hydrate is also used as a fire-retardant filler in applications like polymer composites, cable compounds, solid surface counter tops, etc.

Alumina Hydrate

CAS NO: 21645-51-2

Alumina hydrate is also used as a fire-retardant filler in applications like polymer composites, cable compounds, solid surface counter tops, etc

Aluminum Metaphosphate

CAS NO: 13446-46-3

Aluminum metaphosphate is used as a high temperature insulating cement. It is also used as molecular sieves.


Ammonium Metavanadate

CAS NO: 7803-55-6

Ammonium metavanadate is the inorganic compound with the formula NH4VO3. It is a white salt, although samples are often yellow owing to impurities of Vanadium Pentoxide. It is an important intermediate in the purification of vanadium. Ammonium metavanadate is used to prepare  reagents,  for qualitative test for alkaloids.

Antimony Trioxide

CAS NO: 1309-64-4

Antimony Trioxide is the inorganic compound with the formula Sb2O3. It is the most important commercial compound of antimony.

The main application is as flame retardant synergist in combination with halogenated materials. The combination of the halides and the antimony is key to the flame-retardant action for polymers, helping to form fewer flammable chars. Such flame retardants are found in electrical apparatuses, textiles, leather, and coatings.  Antimony trioxide oxide is a useful catalyst in the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET plastic) and the vulcanization of rubber.

Barium Carbonate

CAS NO: 513-77-9

Barium carbonate is the inorganic compound with the formula BaCO.

It is mainly used to remove sulphate impurities from feedstock of the chlor-alkali process. Otherwise, it is a common precursor to barium-containing compounds such as ferrites. In the brick, tile, earthenware and pottery industries barium carbonate is added to clays to precipitate soluble salts (calcium sulphate and magnesium sulphate) that cause efflorescence.

Barium Chloride

CAS NO: 10326-27-9

In industry, Barium Chloride is mainly used in the purification of brine solution in caustic chlorine plants and in the manufacture of other barium salts.

Barium Sulphate

CAS NO: 7727-43-7

Has a wide range of uses in industry, including as a paper brightener, filler in plastics, used in soil testing, pyrotechnics and as a catalyst support.

Bentonite Clay

CAS NO: 1302-78-9

One of the  applications of bentonite is in drilling mud and as a binder, purifier, absorbent, and carrier for fertilisers or pesticides.

Bentonites are used for decolourising various mineral, vegetable, and animal oils. They are also used for clarifying wine, liquor, cider, beer, mead, and vinegar.  Also used in a variety of pet care items such as cat litter to absorb pet waste. It is also used to absorb oils and grease. Can also be  used as an inert carrier for pesticides, fertilisers, and fire retardants, as a  filler in a wide variety of products, including adhesives, cosmetics, paint, rubber, and soaps. It also acts as a stabiliser and extender in these products.  The property of swelling on contact with water makes sodium bentonite useful as a sealant since it provides a self-sealing, low-permeability barrier. It is used to line the base of landfills to prevent migration of leachate, for confining metal pollutants of groundwater, and for the sealing of subsurface disposal systems for spent nuclear fuel. Similar uses include making slurry walls, waterproofing of below-grade walls, and forming other impermeable barriers, e.g., to seal off the annulus of a water well, to plug old wells.

Bismuth Oxide

CAS NO: 12640-40-3

Bismuth oxide is perhaps the most industrially important compound of bismuth. It is also a common starting point for bismuth chemistry. Di-bismuth trioxide is commonly used to produce the “Dragon’s eggs” effect in fireworks, as a replacement of red lead.

Bone Ash

CAS NO: 10103-46-5

In ceramics, bone ash is an important source of calcium phosphate. The calcium acts as a flux, while the phosphorous acts as a glass former. When added to a clay body such as bone china, bone ash lowers the maturing temperature and adds translucency.

Boric Acid

CAS NO: 10043-35-3

Boric acid, more specifically orthoboric acid, is a compound of boron, oxygen, and hydrogen with formula B(OH)3. Boric acid is often used as an antiseptic, insecticide, flame retardant, neutron absorber, or precursor to other boron compounds. The primary industrial use of boric acid is in the manufacture of monofilament fibreglass usually referred to as textile fibreglass. Textile fibreglass is used to reinforce plastics in applications that range from boats to industrial piping to computer circuit boards.

In the jewellery industry, boric acid is often used in combination with denatured alcohol to reduce surface oxidation and thus formation of fire scale on metals during annealing and soldering operations. In electroplating, boric acid is used as part of some proprietary formulas.

In Pyrotechnics Boric acid can be used as a colourant to make fire green. For example, when dissolved in methanol it is popularly used by fire jugglers and fire spinners to create a deep green flame much stronger than copper sulphate.

Borax Anhydrous

Anhydrous Borax is a white, odourless product available in crystalline granular form. It is a hard glassy material produced by dehydrating Borax. By nature, Anhydrous Borax is far less hygroscopic than Borax.

It is widely used in the following applications: – in cleaning formulations, enhanced oil recovery, flame retardants, as a fluxing agent and in refractories.

Borax Decahydrate

CAS NO: 1303-96-4

Borax decahydrate is the refined form of natural sodium borate. Composed of boric oxide (B2O3), sodium oxide, and water, this mild alkaline salt has excellent buffering and fluxing properties.

The characteristics of borax decahydrate make it  ideal for use in industrial cleaning products, such as polishes, waxes, hard surface cleaners, and institutional cleaning compounds. Borax decahydrate may applications include use as a Ph buffering agent, enzyme stabiliser, emulsifier, mild abrasive, water softener.

Borax Pentahydrate

CAS NO: 12179-04-3

Borax pentahydrate is a white, odourless crystalline granular or powder product. It is the most common form of sodium borate used in industry. It is widely used in the following applications: – detergents and soaps, agriculture, adhesives, flame retardants, insulation, pesticide, as a corrosion inhibitor, water softener and lubricant.

Calcium Carbonate

CAS NO: 1317-65-3

The main use of calcium carbonate is in the construction industry, either as a building material, or limestone aggregate for road building, as an ingredient of cement, or as the starting material for the preparation of builders lime. Calcium carbonate is a key ingredient in many household cleaning powders and is used as a scrubbing agent.

Agricultural lime, powdered chalk or limestone, is used as a cheap method for neutralising acidic soil, making it suitable for planting, also used in aquaculture industry for pH regulation of pond soil before initiating culture.

Calcium Oxide

CAS NO: 1305-78-8

Calcium oxide, commonly known as quicklime or burnt lime, is a widely used chemical compound. It is used in preparing bleaching powder, calcium carbide, and calcium cyanamide. Its other uses are in water softeners, mortars, and cement.

Chrome Oxide Green

CAS NO: 1308-38-9

Chrome Oxide Green, also known as chromium sesquioxide or chromia, is one of four oxides of chromium. It is commonly called chrome green chrome oxide. It is used as raw material in the preparation of pigments for plastics, cements, roofing tiles, linoleum, industrial coatings, stainless steel electrodes, and as catalyst in the chemical industry.

Calcium Sulphate

CAS NO: 7778-18-9

In construction calcium sulphate in its anhydrite form is used as a binder for the production of self-levelling screeds, replacing cement. This has many advantages, such as better fluidity for self-levelling, greater dimensional stability, high mechanical strength, and outstanding thermal conductivity.

Anhydrite is also used in many industrial applications, like cement production and in the fertilizer industry.

Cobalt Carbonate

CAS NO: 513-79-1

Cobalt carbonate is the inorganic compound with the formula CoCO3. It is an intermediate in the hydrometallurgical purification of cobalt from its ores. It is an inorganic pigment, and a precursor to cobalt carbonyl and various cobalt salts.

Cobalt Oxide

CAS NO: 11104-61-3

Cobalt oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula Co3O4. It is one of two well characterized cobalt oxides. Cobalt oxide is a multifunctional, antiferromagnetic. It has been used in electrochromic sensors, energy storage, heterogeneous catalysis, pigments, dyes, and in lithium-ion rechargeable batteries as an anode material.

Cobalt is also used to make airbags in automobiles; catalysts for the petroleum and chemical industries; cemented carbides (also called hard metals) and diamond tools; corrosion and wear-resistant alloys.

Cobalt Sulphate

CAS NO: 10124-43-3

Cobalt sulphates are important intermediates in the extraction of cobalt from its ores. It is used in electroplating baths, storage batteries, sympathetic inks, and as an additive to soils and animal feeds.


CAS NO: 12291-65-5

Colemanite is commonly available in distinct transparent crystalline forms. Colemanite mineral can also be thin, flaky (platy) and brittle. Ground Colemanite is a reddish grey to greyish-white powder available in two different fineness, Standard and Fine. These products are produced from the minimally processed natural ore. Typical applications include: – Fibreglass industry, cleaning agent, fertiliser industry.

Copper Carbonate

CAS NO: 12069-69-1

Copper Carbonate is used in the following products: coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, fertilisers, leather treatment products, lubricants and greases, polishes and waxes and cosmetics.

Copper Oxide

CAS NO: 1317-38-0

It is a product of copper mining and the precursor to many other copper-containing products and chemical compounds. Many wood preservatives are produced from copper oxide.  It is used when welding with copper alloys.

Used in pyrotechnics and fireworks as moderate blue colouring agent in blue flame compositions with additional chlorine donors and oxidizers such as chlorates and perchlorates. Providing oxygen, it can be used as flash powder oxidizer with metal fuels such as magnesium, aluminium, or magnalium powder. Sometimes it is used in strobe effects and thermite compositions as crackling stars effect.

Di-sodium Octoborate Tetrahydrate


Di-sodium Octoborate Tetrahydrate (DOT) is a white, odourless, low density product available in powder form. It is the most soluble and has the highest Boron content per unit mass compared to all other Borates. It is mildly alkaline and is highly prone to absorb moisture.


CAS NO: 69227-00-5

Dolomite is an anhydrous carbonate mineral composed of calcium magnesium carbonate, ideally CaMg(CO3)2. The term is also used for a sedimentary carbonate rock composed mostly of the mineral dolomite.

Dolomite is used as an ornamental stone, a concrete aggregate, and a source of magnesium oxide.

In horticulture, dolomite and dolomitic limestone are added to soils and soilless potting mixes as a pH buffer and as a magnesium source. Dolomite is also used as the substrate in marine (saltwater) aquariums to help buffer changes in the pH of the water. Calcined dolomite is also used as a catalyst for destruction of tar in the gasification of biomass at high temperature.


CAS NO: 68476-25-5

Feldspars are mainly supplied in three types, balanced Feldspar, potassium Feldspar, and sodium  feldspar. Feldspars are a group of rock-forming aluminium tectosilicate minerals, also containing other cations such as sodium, calcium, potassium, or barium.

The most common members of the feldspar group are the plagioclase (sodium-calcium) feldspars and the alkali (potassium-sodium) feldspars. Feldspars make up about 60% of the Earth’s crust.

Feldspars are an important mineral filler in paints, plastics, rubber, sealants, and adhesives and as a coating for welding rods. Some household cleaners use feldspar to give a mild abrasive action.


CAS NO: 15078-96-3

Supplied in a variety of grades. Garnet sand is a good abrasive, and a common replacement for silica sand in sand blasting. Alluvial garnet grains which are rounder are more suitable for such blasting treatments. Mixed with very high pressure water, garnet is used to cut steel and other materials in water jets. For water jet cutting, garnet extracted from hard rock is suitable since it is more angular in form, therefore more efficient in cutting. Garnet sand is also used for water filtration media.


CAS NO: 103170-28-1

Ilmenite is a titanium-iron oxide mineral with the idealised formula FeTiO. It is a weakly magnetic black or steel-grey solid. Ilmenite is the most important ore of titanium and the main source of titanium dioxide. Applications include: – Welding Electrodes, processing of graded steel, manufacture of high quality photo grey sun glasses, coatings and lining for blast furnace hearth.

Iron Oxide

CAS NO: 1317-60-8

The overwhelming application of iron oxide is as the feedstock of the steel and iron industries, e.g. the production of iron, steel, and many alloys.

A very fine powder of ferric oxide is known as “jeweller’s rouge”, “red rouge”, or simply rouge. It is used to put the final polish on metallic jewellery and lenses. Iron oxide was the most common magnetic particle used in all types of magnetic storage and recording media, including magnetic disks (for data storage) and magnetic tape (used in audio and video recording.

Lithium Carbonate

CAS NO: 554-13-2

Lithium carbonate is an inorganic compound, the lithium salt of carbonic acid. This white salt is widely used in processing metal oxides. Lithium carbonate-derived compounds are crucial to lithium-ion batteries. Lithium carbonate may be converted into lithium hydroxide as an intermediate.

Lithium carbonate and other alkali metal carbonates are used to produce carbon dioxide detectors

Another industrial use of lithium carbonate is curing and densifying concrete, adhesives, and flooring screeds, and so on. It makes the industrial material harden faster, reducing construction times and costs.

Magnesium Carbonate

CAS NO: 546-93-0

The primary use of magnesium carbonate is the production of magnesium oxide by calcining. Magnesite and dolomite minerals are used to produce refractory bricks. It is also used in flooring, fireproofing, fire extinguishing compositions, cosmetics, dusting powder, and toothpaste. Other applications are as filler material, smoke suppressant in plastics, a reinforcing agent in neoprene rubber, a drying agent, and colour retention in foods.

Magnesium Fluoride

CAS NO: 7783-40-6

Magnesium fluoride is commonly used in the nuclear industry, and for surface treatments.

Magnesium Fluorosilicate

CAS NO: 16949-65-8

Magnesium fluorosilicate is commonly used as an additive for the hardening and waterproofing of concrete and cement mortars. It is also used for surface treatments, as a polishing and shining agent for ceramic floors and as preservative of wood, as fungicide and in chemical distribution.

Magnesium Oxide

CAS NO: 1309-48-4

Magnesium oxide is valued as a refractory material, i.e. a solid that is physically and chemically stable at high temperatures. It has two useful attributes: high thermal conductivity and low electrical conductivity. Widely used in top heating elements on kitchen electric stoves. Also used in agricultural, chemical, construction, environmental, and other industrial applications. Magnesium oxide is used as a basic refractory material for crucibles, used extensively in the soil and groundwater remediation, wastewater treatment, drinking water treatment, air emissions treatment, and waste treatment industries for its acid buffering capacity and related effectiveness in stabilising dissolved heavy metal species. It is a principal fireproofing ingredient in construction materials. As a construction material, magnesium oxide wallboards have several attractive characteristics: fire resistance, termite resistance, moisture resistance, mould and mildew resistance, and strength.

Magnesium Sulphate

CAS NO: 10034-99-4

Magnesium sulphate is a chemical compound, a salt with the formula MgSO4.

It is supplied in two main types, Heptahydrate and monohydrate forms. In agriculture, magnesium sulphate is used to increase magnesium or sulphur content in soil. Magnesium sulphate is used to prepare specific cements by the reaction between magnesium oxide and magnesium sulphate solution.


CAS NO: 1332-37-2

Magnetite is a mineral and one of the main iron ores. It is one of the oxides of iron, and is ferrimagnetic and is attracted to a magnet and can be magnetised to become a permanent magnet itself. With the exception of extremely rare native iron deposits, it is the most magnetic of all the naturally occurring minerals on Earth. Used for the separation of coal from waste, utilising the difference in densities between the magnetite and the shale. Magnetite’s greatest use is as an important iron ore for steel manufacture. Other applications are as a catalyst in the Haber process for making ammonia, as a pigment for paints and ceramics, and as magnetic micro and nanoparticles for a variety of processes and materials.

Manganese Dioxide

CAS NO: 1313-13-9

It is used in fireworks as an oxygen source for brighter lights and as a catalyst in whistling rockets. Manganese Dioxide is also used as a depolariszer in dry cell batteries and as a colorant in kiln-dried pottery.

Closely sized grades of manganese dioxide are used as a  principal filtration medium used by the water industry for the filtration of potable water.


CAS NO: 12001-26-2

Micas are used in products such as drywalls, paints, fillers, especially in parts for automobiles, roofing, and shingles, as well as in electronics. Also used as filler in cement and asphalt, and as insulation material in electric cables.


CAS NO: 130885-09-5

Perlite, in its expanded form, is a white, ultra-lightweight aggregate ranging from a very fine powder to an aggregate in size. It is inorganic, inert, neutral in pH, biologically stable and has no asbestos content. It is used in high temperature applications in the steel and foundry industries such as ladle topping, hot topping and risering. Due to its high insulating qualities and versatility expanded perlite is widely used in the construction industry for masonry and other build types. Also used in potting compost mixes to improves aeration, draining and insulation.

Potassium Bifluoride

CAS NO: 7789-29-9

Potassium bifluoride is commonly used in the manufacture of wood preservatives, in the chemical industry as catalyst in condensation and polymerisation, in the manufacture and treatment of glass, and for surface treatments.


CAS NO: 14808-60-07

About 95% of the commercial use of silicon dioxide (sand) occurs in the construction industry, e.g. for the production of cement and concrete. Certain deposits of silica sand, with desirable particle size and shape and desirable clay and other mineral content, were important for sand casting of metallic products. The high melting point of silica enables it to be used in such applications such as iron casting.

Silica is necessary for a range of building products including silica and aerated concrete blocks, floor and roof tiles, flooring and rendering compounds, roofing felt and cement and resin injection systems. Silica sand is used for equestrian surfaces, in artificial turf, golf course root zones, bunkers and top dressings, football, rugby, cricket and other sports pitch construction and surface dressing and as well as children’s play sands.

Crystalline silica is used in hydraulic fracturing of formations which contain tight oil and shale gas.

Silicon dioxide is widely used in the semiconductor technology. Closely sized grades of silica sand are the principal filtration medium used by the food and water industry to extract solids from potable and wastewater.

Sodium Fluoride

CAS NO: 7681-49-4

Sodium Fluoride is used for wood preservation, mineral flotation processes, the manufacture of glue and adhesives, glass glazing, water fluoridation, chemical synthesis, and the manufacture of sodium monophosphate.

Sodium Fluoroborate

CAS NO: 13755-29-8

Sodium fluoroborate is commonly used for the synthesis of ionic liquids, as a plating and surface treatment agent and in chemical distribution.

Sodium Hexametaphosphate

CAS NO: 68915-31-1

Sodium Hexametaphosphate is  used as a dispersing agent to break down clay and other soil types for soil texture assessment. Also used as a water softener. It can be used as a chelating reagent for metal ions, an adhesive, and a swelling reagent.

Sodium Nitrite

CAS NO: 7632-00-0

Sodium nitrite is an effective corrosion inhibitor and is used as an additive in industrial greases.


CAS NO: 14807-96-6

Talc is a hydrous magnesium silicate mineral. It is usually green, white, grey, brown, or colourless. It is a translucent mineral with a pearly lustre.

The plastics industry is a large consumer of talc, as the mineral becomes a more important ingredient in automotive plastics, also used in rubber production. It is mainly used as a filler. The platy shape of talc particles can increase the stiffness of products such as polypropylene, vinyl, polyethylene, nylon, and polyester. It can also increase the heat resistance of these products and reduce shrinkage. Where the plastic is extruded in the manufacturing process, talc’s very low hardness produces less abrasion on equipment than harder mineral fillers.

In the paper industry finely, ground talc is added to the pulp to serve as a filler. When the pulp is rolled into thin sheets, the talc fills spaces between the pulp fibres, resulting in a paper with a much smoother writing surface. Talc as a mineral filler can improve the opacity, brightness, and whiteness of the paper. Talc can also improve the paper’s ability to absorb ink. Can also be used as a lubricant in applications where high temperatures are involved.


CAS NO: 92908-33-3

Ground Ulexite, also known as Sodium Calcium Penta-borate Octahydrate, is a white, free flowing powdered material. It is a naturally occurring borate ore that is minimally processed and ground to meet manufacturing specifications for different particle sizes. Upon melting, Ulexite forms a clear melt with smooth flow properties that are ideal for applications. Applications include: – fibreglass industry, oilfields, pulp, and paper.

Ulexite granular is a greyish granular material for use in agricultural applications as a source of slow-release boron.  This product is suitable for direct application to soil/crops or as part of a fertiliser blend.


CAS NO: 13983-17-0

Wollastonite is a naturally occurring mineral that is a chemical combination of calcium, silicon, and oxygen.

Wollastonite can serve as a substitute for asbestos in floor tiles, friction products, insulating board and panels, paint, plastics, and roofing products. Wollastonite is resistant to chemical attack, stable at high temperatures, and improves flexural and tensile strength in composites.  In some industries, wollastonite is used in different percentages of impurities, such as its use as a fabricator of mineral wool insulation, or as an ornamental building material.

In plastics, wollastonite improves tensile and flexural strength, reduces resin consumption, and improves thermal and dimensional stability at elevated temperatures. Surface treatments are used to improve the adhesion.

Wollastonite is a widely used friction material reinforced fibre, which replaces asbestos as a main reinforced fibre during the friction material production, such as brake linings, brake pads, and other brake system friction material.

This highly versatile mineral is characterised by its high whiteness, unique needle-like, or ‘acicular’, structure, high brightness, low moisture and oil absorption, and high heat stability.


CAS NO: 1318-02-1

Zeolites are minerals that contain mainly aluminum and silicon compounds. They are used as drying agents, in detergents, and in water and air purifiers. Zeolites have been used in advanced nuclear reprocessing methods. Zeolites have the potential of providing precise and specific separation of gases. Non-clumping cat litter is often made of zeolite.

Zinc Oxide

CAS NO: 1314-13-2

Zinc oxide is an inorganic compound with the formula ZnO. It is a white powder that is insoluble in water. Zinc oxide is used as an additive in numerous materials and products including cosmetics, food supplements, rubbers, plastics, ceramics, glass, cement, lubricants, paints, sunscreens, ointments, adhesives, sealants, pigments, foods, batteries, ferrites, fire retardants, semi-conductors and first-aid tapes.

Industrial Mineral Services Ltd has the facilities and experience to undertake a vast array of different and complex mineral and chemical processing operations on behalf of our customers.

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